Psychologists rarely define exactly what they mean by mental processes. Neuro-information processing, i.e., the basic “brain-behavior” relationship patterns we see in animals, is one meaning. Two others are the subjective perceiving/feeling part of our existence and the self-conscious part of the human mind. These are three very different mental processes. Traditional behaviorists define the mind in terms of overt action; cognitivists in terms of information processing. Many humanists focus on phenomenology (subjective perceiving/feeling), while many philosophers look at reason-giving (the self-conscious part). Despite these differences, the unified theory of psychology can move the field away from fragmented pluralism.
- The first mental process is basic brain behavior, and this is shaped by evolution, past experience and the way brains process information.
- The second mental process is our subjective interpretation of our essence and it is what’s said to make existence magical.
- The third domain of the mind is our self-conscious mental process and it is very different from the first and second mental process.
“In addition, it is crucial to be aware that these different domains of mind not only are different things in the world, but they also have very different epistemological considerations.”